Dolichos Biflorus (seed) extract
Betel (Piper betle) (leaf) extract
Chatterjee A, Fernandez C, Khandalavala B, et al. Efficacy of a Natural Weight Management Herbal Formulation in Obese Human Subjects. 51st Annual Meeting, American College of Nutrition, New York, NY Oct 7-9, 2010. Abstract 53, 29(5): 518.
Chatterjee A, Fernandez C, Khandalavala B, et al. Efficacy and Safety Evaluation of a Novel Weight Management Herbal Formulation LOWAT. 51st Annual Meeting, American College of Nutrition, New York, NY Oct 7-9, 2010. Poster Presentation.
Decaffeinated Green Coffee (Coffea canephora) (seed) standardized to 50% total polyphenols, 45% total chlorogenic acids, 10% 5-caffeoylquinic acid
Thom E. The Effect of Chlorogenic Acid Enriched Coffee on Glucose Absorption in Healthy Volunteers and Its Effect on Body Mass When Used Long-Term in Overweight and Obese People. The Journal of International Medical Research, 2007; 35: 900-908.
Henry-Vitrac C, Ibarra A, Roller M, et al. Contribution of Chlorogenic Acids to the Inhibition of Human Hepatic Glucose-6-phosphatase Activity in Vitro by Svetol, a Standardized Decaffeinated Green Coffee Extract. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2010; 58: 4141-4144. 270% more than in regular coffee beans.
Siberian Rhodiola Rosea (root) extract standardized to 3% rosavins, 1% salidroside
Brown RP, Gerbarg PL, Ramazanov. Rhodiola Rosea: A Phytomedicinal Overview. HerbalGram, 2002.
Ramazanov Z, Jimenez del Rio M, Letchamo W. Standardized Rhodiola Rosea, A Unique Phytomedicine: A Current Phytochemical Quality Overview. Proceedings of 8th International Congress Phytopharm - 2004, Mikkeli, Finland 21-23 June 2004.
Pepper (Piper nigrum) (fruit) standardized to minimum 95% piperine
Badmaev V, Majeed M, Prakash L. Piperine Derived from Black Pepper Increases the Plasma Levels of Coenzyme Q10 Following Oral Supplementation. The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, Feb 2000; 11: 109-113.
Badmaev V, Majeed M, Norkus E. Piperine, An Alkaloid Derived from Black Pepper Increases Serum Response of Beta-Carotene During 14-Days of Oral Beta-Carotene Supplementation. Nutrtion Research, 1999; 19(3): 381-388.